as seen from one perspective : 2003-2014 Directions to Johannesburg, as with most other South African cities, are still marked with a sign that simply reads STAD / CITY. It's not a flashy sign and it's hardly intended to incite or excite any expectation or promise. It's an antiquated and a purely utilitarian sign. It's simple to understand but hard to read without tripping on the juxtaposed languages. STAD / CITY is an innocuous phrase that belies the complexity of Johannesburg and reduces it to a simple bilingual matter of fact… but it lingers like history, hard to forget. Johannesburg is cosmopolitan, complicated and hard to understand but the reason she exists is simple, Johannesburg is pregnant with prospect.